Despite low profitability and overcapacity challenges, the automobile industry still dominates with more substantial influence. It is a significant force and industry globally. More than 60 million trucks and cars get manufactured each year, and they consume about half of the world’s oil. The automobile industry offers employment to over four million individuals directly, with several other benefiting indirectly. The industry is one of the most-rewarding with enormous benefits for those employed. Besides, it enjoys heavy linkage with supplier companies.
Most automobile companies focus more on identifying clients’ demands and strive to fulfill the clients’ needs. In some cases, the automobile industries influence how the economic trend develops. Massive economic growth and instant stock news may help investors make significant decisions, more so on the sector’s expansion. Below are some of the economic factors influencing automobile companies and bridging the difference between supply and client demand.
Less taxation in the automobile industry, such as a reduced fuel cost, may propel consumers to consider buying more private cars. To meet the demand, automobile companies will increase their production and supply. However, in high taxation on fuel, most clients will prefer public transport than private. Besides, significant cities’ emission charges make most clients switch to public transportation to avoid taxation. Most consumers do not understand the environmental impact that lowers the tax. The first solution is to make clients embrace public transport.
The interest rate has a significant influence on the automobile industry. Lower interest rates may encourage clients to borrow funds from financial institutions to purchase a private car or even a fleet of vehicles, implying increased production and increased sales of the automobiles. The expansion of automobile industries means more employment opportunities as well.
On the other hand, increased interest rates may depreciate money value and reduce purchasing power. With high-interest rates, clients shy away from borrowing finances to purchase automobile products and services. Rejection of buying products results in customer demand and low production to minimize the supply of automobiles.
Demand and Supply
Supply and demand play a significant role in the automobile industry. The two have direct proportionality and are critical in the economy’s growth. As consumers demand more vehicles, the automobiles’ prices increase, and the manufacturers increase their supplies. It will indirectly ignite the competition among manufacturers leading to reduced prices. So, for the automakers to make sales and gain profit, they may offer incentives and discounts to clients. More clients will get enticed to purchase the cars, and the manufacturer does not have to sacrifice the benefit.
Irrespective of the form, automobile industries operate within governments’ laws and regulations in the countries they operate. In this industry, the rules directly influence the overall performance, features, looks, and design of a given automobile. Some government regulations may see an increase in the manufacture of a given vehicle. It will lead to a rise in sales, growth, and expansion of that particular brand.
Similarly, the same regulations from the governments may limit how cars get marketed and sold. In most circumstances, the governments impose these regulations intending to protect consumers and the environment. The automakers who fail to adhere to the government’s laws and regulations may face penalties or hefty fines. Fines or penalties are drawbacks in the automobile industry.
In the automotive industry, environmental issues of services or products are not the only factors influencing economic growth. A client’s perception also plays a key role. The major environmental factors in the automobile industry are emission and fuel economy. Regulations on clean air are some of the challenges with a significant impact on economic growth. As a result, designers and automakers are collaborating with fuel-efficient and cost-effective automobiles.
The enormous rising debt worldwide hurts the growth of the automobile industry. It had worsened over time from 2007 when there was a worldwide economic crisis. Financial institutions, including banks, limited their financial support to automobile industries crippling the manufacturing process. As a result, the sales of automobiles declined with reduced purchasing power. Most employees were rendered jobless.
Because the industry is an integral part of the world economy, its challenges lead to economic meltdown in other sectors. Numerous sectors rely on the automobile industry, including media, travel, information and technology, electronics, telecommunication, education and science, fuel, finance, and distribution.